L’Inrae (Institut national de recherche pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement) a récemment fait le point sur les recherches en cours issues du mouvement One Health - une seule santé. Dans un contexte délicat, l’approche One Health vise à impliquer l’ensemble des acteurs de la santé humaine, animale et environnementale dans une réflexion commune.
Skip juice cleanses or liquid diets. A popular cleansing regimen for losing weight involves drinking only juice or another type of liquid for a few days to a week. This is dangerous because you could end up without essential nutrients. These extreme cleanses are also counterproductive because most people just gain back any weight they lost when they go back to eating normal food again. Doctors don't recommend any sort of diet like this, and say following a healthy diet and exercise routine is much better for losing weight.
Various modalities of body cleansing are currently employed, ranging from physical treatments (e.g. colon cleansing), to dietary restrictions (i.e. avoiding foods) or dietary supplements. Some variants involve the use of herbs and supplements that purportedly speed or increase the effectiveness of the process of cleansing. Several naturopathic and homeopathic preparations are also promoted for cleansing; such products are often marketed as targeting specific organs, such as fiber for the colon or juices for the kidneys.
Professor Alan Boobis OBE, Toxicologist, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London states that "The body’s own detoxification systems are remarkably sophisticated and versatile. They have to be, as the natural environment that we evolved in is hostile. It is remarkable that people are prepared to risk seriously disrupting these systems with unproven ‘detox’ diets, which could well do more harm than good."
The first definition of health has a basic fault in it – it tries to define a primary state through a secondary state. Health is a primary state. It cannot be fully defined through a secondary phenomenon, disease. And then there is a larger question. Does being free from any disease which can be given a name, makes one healthy? I think, no. I know so many people who have no known disease and yet they are not healthy. I know a woman who likes to show off her tons of jewelry to those who can’t have it; a woman who snobs at everyone. She has no known disease. But would you call her healthy? I know a man, who is a couch potato. He goes to his job and does nothing else. He does not help his wife with family responsibilities. He behaves with her as if she is his servant. He has no known disease. But would you call him healthy? I know a man who brags about his achievements till everybody around drops dead. He has no known disease. But would you call him healthy?
So far, I have discussed the three components of health as separate entities to understand each one of them more thoroughly. But emotional health, mental health, and physical health are not separate entities. You cannot have a healthy mind without a healthy body or healthy emotions and vice-versa. The degree to which one of these components is affected can vary from person to person, but ultimately it is the person as a whole that is affected.
Cette approche accorde un rôle majeur aux vétérinaires et propriétaires ou gestionnaires d’animaux ainsi qu'aux personnes en contact régulier avec les faunes domestique et sauvage et l’environnement (et en particulier : éleveurs mais aussi pêcheurs, chasseurs, forestiers et gestionnaires d'espaces protégés). Pour l'OIE, sa mise en œuvre passe par « de nouveaux mécanismes amenant tous ces acteurs à s’informer mutuellement et à agir d’une manière concertée, en liaison avec les gestionnaires de la santé publique qui travaillent le plus souvent dans nos pays membres sous l’égide des ministères de la Santé, qu’ils soient fonctionnaires de l’État, personnels de collectivités ou médecins libéraux »3.
While discussing physical, mental, and emotional health, I did not discuss the causes for the derangement of health. I left that part because there is hardly any cause which affects one plane without affecting the others. Our mind and body are so closely integrated that when one is affected there are bound to be repercussions on the other. Let me give some examples to elaborate this. Even a small cut in your hand (physical plane) can make you worry (mental plane) about the bleeding or injury in general and can make you angry (emotional plane) with yourself that you were not careful enough. Again, mental anxiety (which often results from emotional problems) is a well known cause for peptic ulcers and hypertension. These are not isolated examples. Nearly every known disease, be it physical or psychological, can be associated with signs and symptoms on the other planes.