Directeur de recherche à l'Institut Génétique Environnement et Protection des plantes de Rennes, Christophe Mougel étudie les phytobiomes (l'association des plantes, de leur environnement de croissance et de leur microbiote), une toute nouvelle vision de la plante en tant qu'écosystème, ou en tant que “super organisme végétal”, comme il le décrit. Les travaux de son Institut consistent à mieux comprendre le rôle des microbiotes et leurs fonctions au sein des espèces végétales. Il s'agit de décrire et de comprendre ce lien en vue notamment de développer “une agriculture de précision voire une agriculture personnalisée à l'échelle d'une exploitation”, comme l'explique M. Mougel.
1. Genes – Yes! our genes are one of the biggest factors in deciding the way in which our health gets deranged. They also decide which plane is affected the most in a particular person. Through ages, it is known to humanity that children tend to inherit their ‘mother’s nose’ or their ‘father’s eyes’. But what most of us do not realize is that children can also inherit the ‘father’s temperament’ or ‘mother’s thought process’.  And as children inherit the physical and mental makeup from their parents, they also inherit the tendencies and susceptibilities to acquire diseases. For example – it is a well known fact that conditions like obesity, hypertension, peptic ulcers, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, depression etc often run in families.
CHP is proud of our integrated model of care – when we say that we treat the whole person, we truly mean it. Behavioral health and nutrition services are located right at the medical practices, our dentists take your blood pressure before treating you, and our clinicians ask you about things such as housing, food insecurity, and other determinants that affect your health beyond the physical.
The first question that comes up in context of spiritual health is whether you believe in spirits? And then there are related questions like – do you believe in God? good spirits and evil spirits? after-life? hell and heaven? etc. All are very philosophical questions and the only answer scientific reasoning can give to them is – ‘NO’. But I believe there is more to life than just science and so I will give my views regarding these questions in relation to the question of spiritual health.
1. Genes – Yes! our genes are one of the biggest factors in deciding the way in which our health gets deranged. They also decide which plane is affected the most in a particular person. Through ages, it is known to humanity that children tend to inherit their ‘mother’s nose’ or their ‘father’s eyes’. But what most of us do not realize is that children can also inherit the ‘father’s temperament’ or ‘mother’s thought process’.  And as children inherit the physical and mental makeup from their parents, they also inherit the tendencies and susceptibilities to acquire diseases. For example – it is a well known fact that conditions like obesity, hypertension, peptic ulcers, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, depression etc often run in families.
I have delved deep into the probable mechanism of emotions so that it becomes easy to understand how our emotional health can fail just as our physical health does. As the physiological reactions taking place in our liver or lungs can go awry, so can they go wrong at the emotional level. Our brain can produce too strong an emotional response for a small stimulus or it may produce a very weak response against a strong stimulus. The response may persist for too little a duration or too long a duration.
I have delved deep into the probable mechanism of emotions so that it becomes easy to understand how our emotional health can fail just as our physical health does. As the physiological reactions taking place in our liver or lungs can go awry, so can they go wrong at the emotional level. Our brain can produce too strong an emotional response for a small stimulus or it may produce a very weak response against a strong stimulus. The response may persist for too little a duration or too long a duration.
This may seem a bit idealistic to some, but here we are talking about the ideals. But even this definition does not cover it all. Let me give an example. There are lots of people around us who catch a cold with every change of season or with every sudden change of temperature. Now in common parlance, we say that these people have low immunity. But the fact is that most of these people have normal blood counts and normal immunological tests. So when these people are not down with cold they are in perfect health as per the above definition. And yet they are not perfectly healthy. Their system breaks down with every stressful condition. So we can add another aspect to the above definition of physical health:
Technically speaking, our emotions are neuro-hormonal reactions occurring in response to some physical or mental stimulus, which in turn, affect our response to the same stimulus on the physical and mental plane. This may sound like a very unromantic explanation, but it is a fact. Emotions do not come from our heart, they are generated in our brain. All the emotions we feel – love, joy, hate, anger, sorrow etc. are nothing but some primitive algorithms that are processed to generate response on the physical and mental level.
I have delved deep into the probable mechanism of emotions so that it becomes easy to understand how our emotional health can fail just as our physical health does. As the physiological reactions taking place in our liver or lungs can go awry, so can they go wrong at the emotional level. Our brain can produce too strong an emotional response for a small stimulus or it may produce a very weak response against a strong stimulus. The response may persist for too little a duration or too long a duration.
Professor Alan Boobis OBE, Toxicologist, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London states that "The body’s own detoxification systems are remarkably sophisticated and versatile. They have to be, as the natural environment that we evolved in is hostile. It is remarkable that people are prepared to risk seriously disrupting these systems with unproven ‘detox’ diets, which could well do more harm than good."[11]
« Que ce soit par transmission alimentaire (maladie de la vache folle, salmonelloses), par transmission vectorielle (fièvre du Nil occidental, fièvre de la vallée du Rift, encéphalites à tiques), ou encore par simple contact (rage), les possibilités de transmission interspécifique sont multiples et demandent une approche collaborative entre les secteurs de la santé animale et de la santé humaine pour prévenir et contrôler ces infections »4.
Let me give some real life examples to explain this. It is normal to be angry when somebody abuses you. But if you can’t let that anger go for a very long time, then everything is not right with you. It s normal to feel sad when somebody close to you passes away. But if you try to kill yourself after that, then you are not emotionally healthy. If you always feel elated (not just happy) without any good reason then you are not emotionally healthy.

People through their life-style and drug-abuse, decrease their immunity and create fertile grounds for these microorganisms. And people themselves act as the carriers and create conditions for their spread. Think of it this way – if there is no drug abuse, no sexual perversions, no promiscuity – what will be the rate of infection of HIV or Hepatitis-B? Extremely low. And that applies to most of the modern diseases in some way or the other. Bacteria and viruses cannot rage a war against us – it is us who help them kill us!
A la question "Pensez-vous que la pandémie globale actuelle a eu comme “effet positif” de souligner l'importance de l'épidémiosurveillance ?", le spécialiste nous répond par la positive. "Effectivement, elle met en lumière cet intérêt stratégique, et j'espère que les États mettront en place des dispositifs pour accroître cette dimension-là Mais finalement, quels vont être les leviers prioritaires pour renforcer l'épidémiosurveillance ? L'autre difficulté est que nous savons montrer a posteriori l'épidémiosurveillance mais, comme pour les séismes, nous avons encore du mal à concevoir des systèmes d'alerte efficace nous permettant d'anticiper suffisamment [les futures épidémies]. J'imagine qu'il y a une conscience aujourd'hui [de cette problématique] qui est plus forte qu'hier."
Directeur de recherche à l'Institut Génétique Environnement et Protection des plantes de Rennes, Christophe Mougel étudie les phytobiomes (l'association des plantes, de leur environnement de croissance et de leur microbiote), une toute nouvelle vision de la plante en tant qu'écosystème, ou en tant que “super organisme végétal”, comme il le décrit. Les travaux de son Institut consistent à mieux comprendre le rôle des microbiotes et leurs fonctions au sein des espèces végétales. Il s'agit de décrire et de comprendre ce lien en vue notamment de développer “une agriculture de précision voire une agriculture personnalisée à l'échelle d'une exploitation”, comme l'explique M. Mougel.

Various modalities of body cleansing are currently employed, ranging from physical treatments (e.g. colon cleansing), to dietary restrictions (i.e. avoiding foods) or dietary supplements. Some variants involve the use of herbs and supplements that purportedly speed or increase the effectiveness of the process of cleansing. Several naturopathic and homeopathic preparations are also promoted for cleansing; such products are often marketed as targeting specific organs, such as fiber for the colon or juices for the kidneys.
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