L'objectif du concept One Health, illustré par ces différents travaux en cours au sein de l'Inrae, est simple : “produire des connaissances et éclairer dans leur prise de décisions l'ensemble des acteurs concernés par ces enjeux de santé publique”. A l'automne prochain, l'Institut fera un nouveau point, cette fois-ci concentré sur les substances toxiques se retrouvant dans notre chaîne alimentaire.
Il repose aussi sur le constat que 60% environ des maladies humaines infectieuses connues ont une origine animale4 et qu'au moins 70 % des maladies émergentes ou réémergentes graves sont depuis un siècle presque toujours des maladies zoonotiques5 ou à vecteurs (comme la maladie de Lyme6), qui peuvent être favorisées par des déséquilibres écologiques et/ou climatiques7,8. En outre 80 % des pathogènes utilisables pour le bioterrorisme sont aussi d'origine animale4.
L’Inrae (Institut national de recherche pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement) a récemment fait le point sur les recherches en cours issues du mouvement One Health - une seule santé. Dans un contexte délicat, l’approche One Health vise à impliquer l’ensemble des acteurs de la santé humaine, animale et environnementale dans une réflexion commune.
Body cleansing and detoxification have been referred to as an elaborate hoax used by con artists to cure nonexistent illnesses. Most doctors contend that the 'toxins' in question do not even exist. In response, alternative medicine proponents frequently cite heavy metals or pesticides as the source of toxification, however no evidence exists that detoxification approaches have a measurable effect on these or any other chemical levels. Medical experts state that body cleansing is unnecessary as the human body is naturally capable of maintaining itself, with several organs dedicated to cleansing the blood and gut.
The premise of body cleansing is based on the Ancient Egyptian and Greek idea of autointoxication, in which foods consumed or in the humoral theory of health that the four humours themselves can putrefy and produce toxins that harm the body. Biochemistry and microbiology appeared to support the theory in the 19th century, but by the early twentieth century, detoxification based approaches quickly fell out of favour. Despite abandonment by mainstream medicine, the idea has persisted in the popular imagination and amongst alternative medicine practitioners. In recent years, notions of body cleansing have undergone something of a resurgence, along with many other alternative medical approaches. Nonetheless, mainstream medicine continues to view the field as unscientific and anachronistic.
Technically speaking, our emotions are neuro-hormonal reactions occurring in response to some physical or mental stimulus, which in turn, affect our response to the same stimulus on the physical and mental plane. This may sound like a very unromantic explanation, but it is a fact. Emotions do not come from our heart, they are generated in our brain. All the emotions we feel – love, joy, hate, anger, sorrow etc. are nothing but some primitive algorithms that are processed to generate response on the physical and mental level.
The first definition of health has a basic fault in it – it tries to define a primary state through a secondary state. Health is a primary state. It cannot be fully defined through a secondary phenomenon, disease. And then there is a larger question. Does being free from any disease which can be given a name, makes one healthy? I think, no. I know so many people who have no known disease and yet they are not healthy. I know a woman who likes to show off her tons of jewelry to those who can’t have it; a woman who snobs at everyone. She has no known disease. But would you call her healthy? I know a man, who is a couch potato. He goes to his job and does nothing else. He does not help his wife with family responsibilities. He behaves with her as if she is his servant. He has no known disease. But would you call him healthy? I know a man who brags about his achievements till everybody around drops dead. He has no known disease. But would you call him healthy?
Coffee, as you may already know, is a natural laxative and can be a potential diuretic. It can help remove waste, along with water and, of course, toxins, from your body. It defeats the purpose of trying to detox, however, if you add creamer and sugar. In addition, because the effects of coffee (consumed in considerable amounts) are unclear, you should limit how much you consume.